History of reservation: India has its own interesting history related to the concept of reservation in promotion. Reservation system has been prevalent in India for quite some time now. It has displayed its reach to areas such as education, jobs, etc. and boasts of itself being a support system which extends help and fair relaxations to the people of the country belonging to the previously and currently oppressed members of the society. The main beneficiaries of the implications of this reservation system are the people belonging to the scheduled caste, scheduled tribe and OBC categories of the society. The reservation system in India is not derived y any act passed by the parliament or the state legislature in the country. The concept of reservation system in the society is basically a set of rules, practices or a set of laws which has been passed by the constitution and has been termed as statutory. However, this topic of reservation has proved to be a very controversial one among the Indian citizen with some people favoring for the system and some people completely against the system.
Reservation in Promotion
As a very important aspect of the reservation system, the reservation in promotion has seen a fair amount of amendments and changes since its inception and implementation. Since the year 1955, India has been providing reservations to scheduled caste and scheduled tribe people of the society, which came under the Article 16 (4). When the “Indra Sawhney Vs Union of India” case came up in the court, it was determined that the case was a part of reservation in promotion and was beyond the authorization of the Article 16 (4). The initial 4 (A) stated that “Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for reservation in matters of promotion to any class or classes of posts in the services under the State in favor of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes which, in the opinion of the State, are not adequately represented in the services under the State.”